There are a large number of people who consider CVD i.e. diseases of the circulatory system and heart diseases, whereas it is not. According to the data, CVD cases have increased by 34% in the last 25 years. This has also increased the risk of untimely death and physical disability at an early age. The penetration of modern medical facilities is continuously increasing. Despite this, there is a steady increase in cases of many serious diseases; among them are cardiovascular diseases (CVD). According to the World Health Organization, it is the leading cause of death in the whole world. According to the 2016 report presented by the Public Health Foundation of India, CVD cases in India have increased by 34 percent in the last 26 years. Our heart is a complex muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. A thick pulse comes out of the heart, called aorta, its branches carry blood and oxygen to different parts of the body.
The cardiovascular or circulatory system (circulatory system) is made up of the heart, arteries, veins, and blood vessels. Any problem associated with these is called CVD. In this way CVD is a group of many diseases related to the heart and blood vessels, it has many forms, such as –
- Coronary heart disease – This is a disease of the blood vessels. These tubes supply blood to the heart muscle.
- Cerebrovascular disease – a disease of those blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.
- Peripheral arterial disease – disease of the blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs.
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the blood vessels of the foot, which can reach the heart and lungs.